Sunday, January 5, 2020

Literature Review - Organisational Change - 2981 Words

PART A CHANGE is unavoidable in order to remain competitive in today’s fast-paced market environment. Management guru, Tom Peters puts it that ‘change or die’ has been the bottom line for countless firms (Jick Peiperl, 2011). Change can be large or small, evolutionary or revolutionary, sought after or resisted (Hayes, 2010) and is a general feature of organisational life, both at an operational and strategic level (Todnem, 2005). Burnes (1992) expressed that ‘change management is not a distinct discipline but rather, the theory and practice of change management draws on a number of social science disciplines and traditions’ (Kitchen Daly, 2002). It is also defined as ‘the process of continually renewing an organization’s†¦show more content†¦Organisation structure can vary along a number of dimensions in the form of bureaucratic, functional, matrix or network structure. The choice of structure is influenced by an organisationâ⠂¬â„¢s strategy, its size and the technology used. As an organisation changes its strategy to respond to PEST factors in its external environment, so should its structure change to maintain the strategy-structure relationship (Senior, 2002). To allow organisational survival, organisations tend to favour flatter and more flexible ways of working compared to hierarchical organisational forms and bureaucratic control systems which can be a hindrance to change (Collier Esteban, 2000). The drivers of change are the primary determining factor of the type of change an organisation is to lead – developmental, transitional or transformational, presented in Appendix 5 (Dick Peiperl, 2011). Development change is an improvement in an organisation’s existing way of operating to ensure efficient business (Anderson Anderson, 2010) It happens when firms continually scan their internal and external environments while avoiding radical, infrequent scale change (Gilley et. al 2009) to increase competitive advantage. Transitional change occurs when a problem is recognised in the current reality that needs to be solved with a new way of operating (Anderson Anderson, 2010) which representsShow MoreRelatedOrganisational Culture and Motivation1496 Words   |  6 PagesCONTENTS Introduction and Rationale Problem Statement Objectives Introductory Literature Review Proposed Methodology Project Plan Sources of Reading INTRODUCTION AND RATIONALE As Desson and Clouthier (2010) state, culture is an important factor in both attracting and retaining desirable employees. The extent to which an employee’s needs and expectations are fulfilled will determine the motivation, job satisfaction and performance levels (Mullins, 2005, p. 499) which would be influenced byRead MoreHow Identification Communication Strategies Affect The Ways1418 Words   |  6 Pagescommunication styles affect the ways in which people create and sustain their social/communication networks. 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Introduction.1723 Words   |  7 PagesTo Go or Not to Go? Introduction Performance appraisals (PA) have long been considered fundamental to the organisational effectiveness of human resources (Yee Chen, 2009). However, a macro shift towards a knowledge-based economy, the advancement of technology, and generational workforce changes, have prompted an evolution of the traditional PA practise. The purpose of this literature review is to highlight the reasons why traditional PA practices are inadequate and unfulfilling for today’s millennial

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